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Tuesday, July 14, 2020 | History

2 edition of Perceived control as a determinant of preventive action for heart disease and lung cancer. found in the catalog.

Perceived control as a determinant of preventive action for heart disease and lung cancer.

Kenneth Ralph Allison

Perceived control as a determinant of preventive action for heart disease and lung cancer.

by Kenneth Ralph Allison

  • 275 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Pagination162 leaves
Number of Pages162
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18101188M

If the cases had disease A (e.g., cancer), controls had disease B (e.g., coronary heart disease), and the “exposure” was disease C (e.g., tuberculosis), the simple mix of conditional probabilities of hospital (or pathology department) admissions for exposed and nonexposed cases and controls would generate a biased effect. The importance of this aspect of clinical practice is demonstrated by a growing body of evidence linking a handful of personal health behaviors to the leading causes of death in the United States: heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease, injuries, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.(14) Smoking alone contributes to one out of.

Summary. Each year, the American Heart Association (AHA), in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and other government agencies, brings together the most up-to-date statistics on heart disease, stroke, other vascular diseases, and their risk factors and presents them in its Heart Disease and Stroke Statistical Cited by: Cancer is a complex group of diseases with many possible causes. In this section you can learn more about the known causes of cancer, including genetic factors; lifestyle factors such as tobacco use, diet, and physical activity; certain types of infections; and environmental exposures to different types of chemicals and radiation.

Figure The biopsychosocial model of health and illness 3; Figure Where health psychology sits in relation to related areas of study 5; Figure Mortality rates for males and females for two socio-economic groups 10; Figure Rutter and Quine's () model of social inputs, social psychological processes and health outcomes 11; Figure The effects of employment status . Diabetic Cardiovascular Disease: The Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial was designed to assess whether the rate of major cardiovascular disease events in persons with longstanding type 2 diabetes and who have cardiovascular disease or two or more risk factors for developing it could be reduced by intensive control.


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Perceived control as a determinant of preventive action for heart disease and lung cancer by Kenneth Ralph Allison Download PDF EPUB FB2

Locus of control is the degree to which people believe that they, as opposed to external forces (beyond their influence), have control over the outcome of events in their lives. The concept was developed by Julian B. Rotter inand has since become an aspect of personality studies (see personality psychology).A person's "locus" (plural "loci", Latin for "place" or "location") is.

An association between any FHC and a higher perceived cancer risk has been shown previously. 12, 13 For example, a study based on data from the.

As part of a case-control study (The Cancer Council NSW Cancer, Lifestyle and Evaluation of Risk Study), a total of 2, cancer patients (open to all types of. Cataloging the Social Determinants of Health. Social determinants are highly interrelated and therefore difficult to catalog.

Given our focus on CVD in the United States, this statement considers socioeconomic position (SEP; encompassing wealth and income, education, employment/occupational status, and other factors), race and ethnicity, social support Cited by: Results: Perceived benefits of healthy nutrition practices and n utrition knowledge related to cardiovascular disease and cancer significantly improved among the treatment participants, P.

While outcome expectancies refer to the perception of the possible consequences of one's action, perceived self-efficacy pertains to personal action control or agency (Bandura, ; Maddux,; Wallston, ).

A person who believes in being able to cause an event can conduct a more active and self-determined life course. Six categories of sites were examined, including lung cancer, breast cancer, digestive cancer, cancer of the female reproductive organs, cancer of the lymph system, and `other' sites.

Because the groups had unequal n's, F-tests were done and confirmed that the assumption of homogeneity of variance had not been by: The topic of passive or involuntary smoking was first addressed in the U.S.

Surgeon General’s report (The Health Consequences of Smoking, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare [USDHEW] ), only eight years after the first Surgeon General’s report on the health consequences of active smoking (USDHEW ). Surgeon General Dr. Jesse. Lung function impairment and respiratory symptoms after birth and through childhood are also associated with asthma occurrence in later years,95–97 ultimately increasing the risk of developing COPD later in life, In children, chronic exposure to air pollution is associated with a reduction in age-related forced vital capacity and lung Cited by: Social determinants of health (SDOH) are, according to the World Health Organization, “the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work and age, and the systems put in place to deal with illness.

These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics.”. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.

Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Lung cancer was an uncommon disease in the early part of the 20th century but then began an epidemic rise to far surpass all other cancers in numbers and rates of death.

15 Lung cancer is also the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported approximately million new cases and more than million deaths caused Cited by: The participants were free of diabetes, heart disease, and cancer at start of study.

Diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire every four years. Findings indicate that unsaturated fats, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids, and high-quality carbohydrates can be used to replace saturated fats to reduce heart disease risk.

- public health control of cancer is a great issue (have to control many risk factors and behavior, hard to understand all and how they work together) - not a decline in heart disease (still a leading cause of mortality) but decline in mortality related to improved treatment - likelihood action: perceived benefits of preventive action.

The Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. Web portal is a collaborative effort aimed at providing access to data and resources that can help cancer control planners, health educators, program staff, and researchers design, implement, and evaluate evidence‐based cancer control programs.

P.L.A.N.E.T. assists localFile Size: 5MB. Cancer genetics risk assessment and genetic counseling includes family history, psychosocial assessments, and education on hereditary cancer syndromes, testing, and risk.

Get more information including the ethical, legal, and social implications of genetic testing. In short, perceived threat determines the degree PI 3 intensity of the reaction to the message, while perceived efficacy determines the nature of threat reaction (i.e., which process is initiated--danger control or fear control) (Lazarus, a, b, c; Lazarus & Folkman, ).Individual differences influence the appraisal of threat and.

Developing a framework for comprehensive cancer prevention and control in the United States: an initiative of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. J Public Health Manag Pract 6(2)– Aberle DR, Gamsu G, Henschke CI, Naidich DP, Swensen SJ. In the early s, an ecologic or systems theory approach to understanding health and its determinants generated a multidimensional perspective.

Some grouped the factors influencing health into four principal forces: (1) environment, (2) heredity, (3) lifestyles, and (4) health care services (Blum, ). The authors also found a statistically significant association with women exposed to ETS during childhood or during adolescence for 22 smoke years with an OR = ; 95%CI = Investigators for the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program found that women have an increase susceptibility to lung cancer as compared to men, OR =.

73 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. NHLBI Year Fact Book. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, Google Scholar; 74 Nelson KM, Reiber G, and Boyko EJ. Diet and exercise among adults with type 2 diabetes: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III).

Diabetes Care Cited by: "Organizational and community approaches to community-wide prevention of heart disease: the first two years of the Pawtucket Heart Health Program." Prev Med 15(2): Elder, J.

P., S. A. McGraw, et al. ().The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.

Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.